Cool Roofs in Asia

Cool roofs study for 30 cities in Asia with energy simulations (EnergyPlus)

EnergyPlus is the most accurate building energy simulation software, managed by the Department of Energy in the United States

Performed thousands of energy simulations with cool roofs using EnergyPlus to calculate heating and cooling loads to maintain the home and the office building between 20°C – 25°C during their occupation. Analyzed data to show cost-efficient solutions and the cost effectiveness of cool roofs

Reducing roof solar absorptance to compare savings in the cooling systems with penalties in the heating system using cool roofs

If ‘Total (kW·h/m2·year)‘ (penalties in the heating system minus savings in the cooling systems) is a negative number and ‘Cooling/Heating‘ (savings in the cooling system divided by the penalties in the heating system) is greater than 0, it indicates that savings in the cooling system are greater than penalties in the heating system, reducing solar absorptance and using cool roofs

Solar absorptance on the roof (0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

Thermal transmittance (U) on the roof. (without insulation: 1.86 for home and 1.74 for office, and 0.67, 0.4, 0.33 W/m2·K). Technical building code (CTE) requirement in Barcelona is 0.4, most strict CTE requirement is 0.33

Scientific studies and experiments showed that the energy savings provided by by cool roofs are greater than the results in energy simulations because the software does not consider the lowest temperatures around the building, the energy savings due to ventilation and air infiltration with lower temperatures, and that the cooling systems work at higher performance. In addition, the climate files are not usually updated

In the United States, colder cities also regulate with cool roofs to mitigate the urban heat island and avoid peak consumption in summer

Simulations performed for a home and office building with a low level of air tightness, and considering an optimal level of air quality in offices, for homes and offices with a better level of air tightness and offices with heat recovery the benefits of using cool roofs are greater

Single family home

Cool roof analysis in a 100 m2 single family home

Office building

Cool roof analysis in an office building with 2 floors (800 m2 per floor)

Summary of cool roof results for 30 cities in Asia

‘Total (kW·h/m2·year)’ (penalties in the heating system (positive number) minus savings in the cooling system (negative number)) difference and ‘Cooling/Heating’ (savings in the cooling system divided by penalties in the heating system) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7) for a single-family home (U1.86 and U0.40) and for an office building (U1.76 and U0.40). A cool roof should be used if ‘Total (kW·h/m2·year)’ is a negative number and ‘Cooling/Heating’ is greater than 0

Cool roofs in AbuDhabi

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Bangalore

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Bangkok

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Beijing

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Calcutta

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in ChennaiMadras

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Chongqing

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Colombo

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Dhaka

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Guangzhou

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Hanoi

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in HongKong

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Hyderabad

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Inchon

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Kagoshima

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Karachi

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Kathmandu

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Kuwait

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Macau

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Mumbai

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in NewDelhi

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Pyongyang

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Riyadh

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Shanghai

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Shenzhen

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Taipei

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Tehran

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Tianjin

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Tokyo

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Cool roofs in Wuhan

Single family home

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

Office building

Heating, cooling and total loads as a function of roof solar absorptance for four values of roof thermal transmittance (U). 0.2 would be a white cool roof and 0.8 a standard brown roof

“Heating (kW·h/m2·year)” penalties (positive number), “Cooling (kW·h/m2·year)” savings (negative number) and “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” (heating penalties minus cooling savings) difference and “Cooling/Heating” (cooling savings divided by heating penalties) reducing solar absorptance by 0.1 (e.g. from 0.8 to 0.7). A cool roof should be used if “Total (kW·h/m2·year)” is a negative number and “Cooling/Heating” is greater than 0

error: Content is protected !!